Direct speech: Reported speech: Ann said: " I want ice-cream. " Reported speech (Indirect Speech) is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say.. Reported Speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. Present perfect continuous tense expresses the action which is occurred in the past, and they proceed in the current situation or maybe in the future. He said that he was living in Paris. Direct & Indirect Speech, Tenses and Example Sentences Tense Direct Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. Affirmatives. This sentence could also have been written as “She said she loves to play football.”) The tense doesn’t have to be changed in this case of reported speech. The general rule is that present tenses in direct speech change to past tenses in reported speech. As words itself describe that direct indirect speech are opposite to each other. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. Rule 2 – Direct Speech to Indirect Speech conversion – Present Tense Present Perfect Changes to Past Perfect. He said (that) he liked coffee. Reported speech. This reported speech exercise looks at statements using the present continuous. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. present continuous: I am living in London: She said (that) she was living in London. 2331. If Direct is Simple Present→In Indirect, it becomes Simple Past.ExampleDirect SpeechShe said "I live in Delhi"Indirect SpeechShe said that she lived in DelhiNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "live"In Indirect Speech, we use "lived"QuestionsHe said "I like ice cream"-a-He said that he liked ice creamExp Direct to indirect speech example: Direct: She says/will say, ‘I am going’ Indirect: She says/will say she is going. 2. She says, “I am sick.” She says that she is sick. Past Simple I bought a car. Definition of Direct & Indirect Speech. He asked how old her mother was. Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech; present simple: I like ice cream : She said (that) she liked ice cream. This process is called tense backshift. Definition. Reported speech: She said that she loves to play football. Reported speech. a) Direct: He says/will say, “I am unwell.” b) Indirect: He says/will say he is unwell. : Present continuous: Past continuous Direct and Indirect Speech Examples. Peter said (that) Carol was a nice girl.. Don't change these verbs: might, could, would, should Example: He said, "I might arrive late." present continuous* She said, "Moo is living here with us." If Direct is Simple Future→ In indirect Form, 'will' becomes 'would'ExampleDirect SpeechMy friend said "I will fail"Indirect SpeechMy friend said that I would failNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "will"In Indirect Speech, we use "would"Convert into Indirect SpeechThe boy said "I will come first"-a-The Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. The policeman asked the boy where he lived. 1. Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech.It is also called reported speech.Usually, it is used in spoken language.If the transmitted action is done in the past, the sentence becomes the past tense. Direct speech Indirect speech "What is your name?" Learn how to convey a message what someone has said, felt or thought in present perfect tense. He said that he had worked very hard. For example, the verbs "say" and "tell" are used to relate a conversation that you have had with someone. "How old is your mother? Past Simple I bought a car. Jeremy said (that) Answer: Jeremy said (that) he had always wanted a dog. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. He said (that) he might arrive late.. Present Perfect I haven’t seen Mary. Task No. If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tenses of the Direct Speech do not change. We are going to learn about reported speech (direct and indirect speech) of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. She said Moo is living there with them. Reported Speech Exercise 10. Simple Past: Simple Present: Simple Past: Simple Past: Simple Past Present Perfect Past Perfect: Past Perfect: Simple Past: will: would: Reported speech 'to be' Simple Past: am/is/are: was/were: Simple Past: was/were have/has been had been: had been Unlike direct speech, which occurs in the present tense, indirect speech usually occurs in the past tense. Finish the sentences using Reported speech. Other Rules. If Direct Speech is Present Continuous−−>In indirect Form it becomes Past ContinuousExampleDirect SpeechSister said" I am going to market"Indirect SpeechSister said that she was going to marketNote:-In Direct Speech,we use "am going" (Present Continous)In Indirect Speech,we use "was going"(Past Cont ", he asked. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. Task No. It isn't necessary to change the present tense into the past tense if the information in the direct speech is still true or a general statement. indirekte Rede; Simple Formen; Simple Present: Simple Past: Simple Past: Past Perfect: Present Perfect: Past Perfect: will: would: Progressive Formen; am/are/is: was/were: was/were: had been: has been: had been: 5. Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself.Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. Show example. 2335. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. The policman said to the boy, "Where do you live?" He says, “He played guitar.” He says that he played guitar: You say, “I shall go to Paris.” You say that you will go to Paris. she asked. Reported speech – Present Perfect – Sentences – Exercise. past simple: John said, "We bought a house last week." One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. In this case, the verb that you are relating moves one step back into the past. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. He said, “I have worked very hard” He said that I have worked very hard. For example: Direct Speech: “I’m going to … Do you need help? Today’s lesson is focused for new learners who want to learn Direct, Indirect speech in easy way. Finish the sentences using Reported speech. Ann said that she wanted ice-cream. Helen: "I speak English and Spanish." If Direct is Simple Past→ In Indirect, it becomes Past PerfectExampleDirect SpeechShe said "I lived in Delhi"Indirect SpeechShe said that she had lived in DelhiNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "lived" (Simple Past)In Indirect Speech, we use "had lived" (Past Perfect)Convert into Indirect SpeechSimran (Note 1 : Assume a gender if not mentioned already. When reporting speech the tense usually changes. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Wenn im Satz eine Zeitangabe steht, dann wird auch die, je nach Situation, geändert. He said he bought a car. As can be seen in the examples above, the verbs in the present perfect, present continuous and present simple tenses in the original statements changed into their corresponding past equivalents (past perfect, past continuous and past simple) in indirect speech. "What time does the train arrive?" There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. Example: Peter said, "Carol is a nice girl." He said that he liked ice cream. It is a combination of two tenses, the present continuous and the present perfect tense.. The tenses of direct speech do not change if the reporting verb is in the future tense or present tense. Present Simple and Present Continuous. We will learn in this lesson about how to solve such questions, we will see examples and solve an exercise for better understanding. She asked what time the train arrived. Using the Past Tense . This is because we are usually talking about something in the past. This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense. tenses and modals direct speech reported speech; present simple* He said, "I like coffee." Anpassung von Orts- und Zeitangaben im Satz . Review reported statements here; Download this quiz in PDF here It is also known as Present Perfect Progressive Tense. He said (that) he likes coffee. Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense. e.g. Past Perfect I had taken Spanish lessons before. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. Reported speech – Simple Present – Sentences – Exercise. Indirect speech: Bill said (that) he can't come in today because he's sick. Show example. Do you need help? Tenses 1. He asked me what my name was. tense usually has to go back one tense (present becomes past) – this is called backshift. Note 2: Using “that” is optional. The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. Phrase in direct speech Equivalent in reported speech; Simple present: Simple past "I always drink coffee", she said: She said that she always drank coffee. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Example: Jeremy: "I have always wanted a dog." She said, “I loved my sons more than all” She said that I loved my sons more ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Present Perfect Continuous Tense In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. For example: Direct speech: I love to play football. Direct and Indirect speech exercise present perfect continuous tense solved with answers Pdf. Example: Abigail: "Isabella hates fish." past simple: I bought a car: She said (that) she had bought a car OR She said (that) she bought a car. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). Will I’II see you later. We start with definition, we go with examples, we proceed with question answers and our support with you has no end and limits. She said Moo was living there with them. Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Progressive Tense Change: As a rule, when we convey a message we go one tense back, but remember we have to use the same tense both in quoted and reported speech when we convey a message from past perfect progressive tense. Direct and indirect speech of present perfect tense along with structures and examples for affirmative, negative, … Future Tense . Tense, Direct and Reported Speech, English direct indirect speech and tense; Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. he asked me. This is known as backshifting in reported speech, with the basic rule that a tense is shifted back to its past tense form.. Keeping the present tense in reported speech can give the impression of immediacy, that it's being reported soon after the direct quote,such as: Direct speech: Bill said, "I can't come in today, because I'm sick." = She said that she was tired. Reported speech tenses will change from that of the direct speech in most cases. 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